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Class-11 History Lesson-1 Important Questions from the beginning of time

Class-11 History Lesson-1 Important Questions  from the beginning of time Very Short Questions (2 Marks) Where and when did ho...

Class-11 History
Lesson-1
Important Questions 
from the beginning of time


Very Short Questions (2 Marks)

  1. Where and when did hominids originate?
    answer- 
    1. Hominid was born in Africa.
    2. Hominid was born 56 million years ago.
  2. On what basis is a primitive human divided into different species Explain
    answer- 
    1. The shape of the skull is different.
    2. Jaws and teeth are also different.
  3. How Many Species of Homo Explain (Any two)
    Answer- 
    1. Homo habilis - Homo erectus making tools - Standing straight and walking on foot.
    2. Homo sapiens - Contemplative human.
  4. What evidence of food has been found in the 'Lazaret' cave in France?  Describe (Any two)
    Answer- 
    1. Evidence of two stoves has been found in this cave.
    2. Evidence has been found in the cave of edible pods, mangroves, seed woodflies, birds' eggs and freshwater fish.
    3. Near this, a terraced and wooden roofed hut has been found in 'Terra Amata', situated on the sea coast of southern France.
  5. Explain the meaning of Homo.
    answer- 
    1. The word homo means man.
    2. In this, both men and women are considered.
  6. How the hunter-gatherer society collects its food Give two points keeping in mind the current context.
    answer- 
    1. Even today most of the women work to collect food and drink.
    2. But there are also many societies where both men and women work for hunting and collecting and making tools.
    3. In such societies, women also give their important yoga in gathering food.
    4. In today's hunter-gatherer societies both men and women do the same thing.
  7. What other foods did humans use in their food?  Describe
    answer-
    1. Food from plant and plant like seeds, seedlings, plum, fruits and tubers etc.
    2. Meat of animals - by wrinkling themselves or dead animals etc.
    3. Moles, birds and their eggs, reptiles, even insects, etc. fish.
  8. Etc. How do historians investigate the living of human beings?  Explain
    answer- 
    1. Examining the spread of artifacts created by them.
    2. Thousands of shark-tools and handicrafts have been found at the mining sites of Kilobe Arra Olorgesaeli in Kenya. Who are 7 lakh to 5 lakh years old
  9. How did the discovery of fire affect humans?  Explain it by reasoning.
    answer- 
    1. Fried food and started eating.
    2. Started destroying dangerous animals.
    3. The caves started to light up.
  10. Explain the difference between hominid and homonide.
    answer- 
    1. The brain of hominides was smaller than that of homonids.
    2. In contrast to the four legs hominids, the homonids stood upright and walked on the previous two legs.

Short question (4 marks)

  1. What does "primate" mean?  Describe any of their five characteristics.
    answer-
    1. Mammals are a subgroup of a very large group of mammals.
    2. The primate subgroup includes apes, langurs and humans.
    3. They have hair on their body.
    4. Mothers have a long gestation period.
    5. Mothers have glands to feed the baby.
  2. Describe the characteristics of hominid groups.
    answer- 
    1. The size of the brain is large.
    2. Ability to stand upright.
    3. Walk on two legs.
    4. Making tools by hand.
    5. Use hands for other tasks.
  3. What were the benefits to the human being from standing upright?  Explain
    answer-
    1. Two hands became independent by standing upright.
    2. The ability to see far increased.
    3. Hands began to be used in other tasks.
    4. Standing on two legs started walking.
    5. Physical energy consumption was also reduced by walking on two legs.
  4. Describe when the ice age started on Earth and its characteristics. (Any five)
    Answer- 
    1. The Ice Age on Earth began 2.5 million years ago.
    2. The earth was covered with snow.
    3. Changes in climatic flora.
    4. Reduction in temperature and rainfall.
    5. The forests were reduced, the grass area increased.
    6. Australopithicus species gradually disappeared.
  5. How did humans get their food?  Describe
    answer- 
    1. Storage - Collecting food.
    2. Hunting - hunting of animals.
    3. Scavenging - scrape flesh from dead animals.
    4. Fishing - Fishing by the Sea.
    5. Logistics - wandering in search of food.
  6. What are the methods adopted by humans for hunting animals?  Describe
    answer- 
    1. Development of spear and arrow commands.
    2. Eating meat out of bone.
    3. Dry meat and keep it safe.
    4. Hunting wild animals and using their hairy fur like cloth.
    5. Eat safe food later.
    6. Both men and women made tools to get food.
  7. Etc. Explain in a systematic way how the development of language in human life.
    answer-
    1. Initially gestures or walking of hands.
    2. Oral communication system such as singing or humming.
    3. Man's speech begins with the calling process.
    4. Start of using sounds.

Long Question (8 Marks)

  1. In what ways did humans get their food and what foods were used in the food?  Explain in detail.
    answer- 
    1. Hunting, scavenging and fishing.
    2. Collecting food items from plants.
    3. Plant residues derived from burnt plants.
    4. Scouring or logging.
    5. Eating small mammal animals by former hominids.
    6. Hunting mammal animals systematically.
    7. catching fish.
    8. Carefully select some sites for hunting.
    9. Large scale hunting of relocation animals.
    10. Movement of animals and methods of killing in large numbers.
  2. How did agriculture and animal husbandry develop at the end of the ice age 13 thousand years ago? Describe in detail.
    answer- 
    1. The onset of relatively warm and humid weather after the end of the last ice age.
    2. Conditions favorable for wild barley and wheat.
    3. Expansion of open forests and grasslands.
    4. People-communities in areas of weeds and animals.
    5. Climate change and population pressure.
    6. Start of farming and pastoralism.
    7. Staying longer at one place from the start of farming.
    8. Construction of permanent homes.
    9. Making pottery.
    10. Use of new types of tools.
  3. When did the ice age end? What other changes started with farming and pastoralism at that time? Describe
    answer-
    1. 13 thousand years
    2. First permanent construction of houses
    3. Use of new tools
    4. Making pottery (in which grains and other stems can be kept, other tools such as plows are used for farming and cooking can be done)
    5. The wheel began to be used for transportation.
    6. Gradually, metals like iron, copper and dye became familiar.
  4.  
    Describe the
    food items used in primitive human food and how they were obtained. Answer-  Ways to get food
    1. Seeds, kernels, jujube, fruits and kadamul
    2. Mice such as rats, moles, birds, reptiles and even insects ate macaques
    3. Eat fish
    4. Hunting and eating animals
    5. Storage
    6. Prey
    7. Scrubbing
    8. catching fish
  5. Describe the various stages of development of human life.
    Answer-
    a)  
    (b) modern human
    1. Ancestors of modern humans
    2. Hominid, hominide
    3. Australopathics
    4. Homosapiens
    5. Homo erectus
    6. (i) Replacement
    7. Regional Continuity (describing both)
  6. What are the similarities and dissimilarities between the primitive human and the present human.
    Confirm the answer with your thoughts.
    Answer: 
    Similarities 
    1. Both have glands for mothers to feed their children.
    2. Children have to live and thrive in their mother's womb before birth.
    3. Both babies have no tail.
    4. Children of both have to depend on their parents for a long time for development.
    Inequalities
    1. Adivana was not civilized, modern (present) human is civilized.
    2. There was a lack of technical knowledge in the primitive human beings. The present human beings are more aware of technical knowledge.
    3. There is a difference between the food of the primitive man and the food of the present man.
    4. The primitive human beings mostly lived temporary lives. Current human beings lead sustainable lives.

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